black pepper ( Piper nigrum) Also known as pepper the perennial climbing vine of the family of Piperaceae and the spicy spice that is derived from its fruits. … The plant that produces black pepper is a climber with woody roots and can grow to heights of upto 10 meters (33 feet) thanks to the aerial root system. Its large, green shiny leaves are placed in different ways . The mature, dried but not ripe fruit (fruit) that is part of Piper the nigrum which is a branching vine or climbing, perennial tree. The black pepper is the most popular spice in India and the world because of its everyday usage.It is , therefore, regarded as the “king of spices’. It is made from the fruit of the pepper plant. It is believed that Black pepper, the green as well as white peppercorns the identical fruits ( Piper nigrum) The difference is in their color which reflects the various stages of development and processing techniques.The black peppercorns are produced by picking the pepper berries at the time they’re half-ripe and are getting ready to change color to red.They are then allowed to dry, which will cause them to shrink and darken in color. In contrast, green peppercorns are harvested when they are not yet ripe and green , while white peppercorns are harvested at the peak of ripeness and then immersed in brine to get rid of their dark outer shell , leaving only the white pepper seeds.Peppers that are black can be the most pungent and delicious of all peppers. It can be purchased as cracked or whole peppercorns or powdered into a fine powder.