OKRA (Bhindi) It is a common summer vegetable because of its capacity to thrive during hot summer months when very few fresh vegetables are in season. It is shaped in the shape of an elongated lamp as it develops. It’s a fuzzy, green-colored, ribbed Pod that spans from 2-7 inches. The vegetable is renowned due to its tiny seeds, and its the sticky or slimy texture it produces when cut open. Okra (also called Lady’s Finger) is a well-known vegetable that is widely grown. It is a powerful source of nutrients and is a good supply of Vitamin C folacin, vitamin A vitamin B, folacin, and fiber. Furthermore, it is rich in magnesium potassium as well as calcium. Okra is cholesterol- and fat-free is a low-calorie food item.
The plant thrives in fertile, well-drained soils that are exposed to direct sunlight. Its pH is typically not important to plants because its growth is accelerated in soil that range between slightly acidic to moderately alkaline (pH 6.5 up to 7.5).
Benefits/Uses of Okra
- Okra’s 50% soluble fibre content can help lower the risk of developing heart disease.
- The remaining 50 percent from the plant (insoluble fiber) helps to reduce the risk of certain kinds of cancer.
- Okra is a good option as an ulcer prevention aid for those who suffer from ulcers.
- Alkaline pH in Okra may also result in its anti-ulcer effects through neutralizing digestion acids.
- The vegetable is simmered in salted water, then used as a treatment for heartburn, especially for pregnant women.
- In addition, it can be used to treat bronchitis, pneumonia as well as urinary disorders as well as pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Okra is a beautiful plant in gardens due to its leaves with bell-like yellow blooms that have red centers.
Specifications of Okra Seeds
||Lady’s-finger, Okra, Gumbo, Bhindi,
||6.5 and 7.0 PH
||Two to 12 days
|No. of seeds
Planting and Care for Okra
Sowing Okra Seeds
- The plant thrives in fertile, well-drained soils that are exposed to direct sunlight.
- The pH of soil is typically irrelevant to the plant because they thrive in conditions that range between slightly acidic to moderately alkaline (pH 6.5 up to 7.5).
- If the soil is frozen, the seeds of okra don’t germinate as well. The seeds should be planted in the spring , after the soil is become warmer.
- To speed up the germination process seeds are placed in water and then wrapped in moist towel or paper over the course of a night.
- Plant up to six seeds of okra in the 12-inch container.
- The vegetable needs long-lasting growth in a climate that is warm.
- Okra is one of the plants which thrives in dry conditions. Its watering however may be required during prolonged dry spells. It is essential to maintain a consistent humidity level throughout all of the season.
- The amount of moisture is crucial to flowering and growth of pods.
- Prior to planting, spread about 1 to 2 pounds of general-purpose fertilizer for your garden.
- As harvesting begins when harvesting starts, sprinkle a small amount of nitrogen all over every plant.
The embryonic pod of the Okra plant are edible. The first pods can be harvested within two months of the plant’s planting, and will continue to grow for a few months, especially if mature pods are removed regularly. About 4 to 6 days after flowering, the berries reach the size that is marketable. A range of three to five inches is considered to be the ideal size for consumption. The longer the pods expand the more fibrous they develop and the less value and quality.
Handling post-harvest: Care should be taken to avoid damaging the pods. The bruises will begin to darken after some hours of being handled with care. Wearing cotton gloves can aid in avoiding pod injuries. Okra is not recommended to be kept in packages or bins because the pods may bleach if proper ventilation isn’t provided.
The pod must be kept at temperatures of 45 degrees Fahrenheit (7degC) and a relative humidity between 90-95 percent. If temperatures are higher the pods begin to begin to turn yellow, becoming difficult and start to break down. Okra will begin to turn brown at a rate of 3percent loss of moisture. Okra is best removed as soon as it is feasible after the harvesting. Okra can last from seven to ten days storage period.
A few precautions to take when growing Okra
Weeds must be kept away from the area around the okra plant. The grass and weeds in close proximity to plants should be cut in a controlled manner so as to not damage the roots. Because plants are susceptible to rot on the stem, the soil should be moist with water but not the plant itself. If plants are watered deeply and yields increase, the plant will suffer. To decrease the chance of fruit rot, sufficient air circulation is required.
Plants do not emerge if seeds do not germinate. The soil isn’t enough warm for germination. Okra needs to be germinated with a temperature of at minimum 70 degrees Fahrenheit. At least 24 hours before you start sowing, soak the seeds in water.
Common Issues that affect Okra plants and their solutions
Silver leaf whitefly Heliothis stink bugs rough bollworms looper caterpillars and the green bugs of vegetables are but some of the many insect pests that could attack Okra. Mites and aphids are also recognized to be a threat to Okra crops. Aphids can be treated by soap or washed away by continuous flow of water. Stink bugs are more difficult to eliminate. They can be manually removed and eliminated. It is suggested for biopesticides be employed. If the fruit or pods are not picked on time and leaving them to develop in the vines, the flowering and subsequent development will be diminished. The thinning of branches or the removal of branches might be necessary to stop this plant from developing too thickly.
It is an aedesium disease that is resistant to plants. Crop rotation is essential. Keep your garden free of waste plant material. Every 7 to 10 days, apply Trichoderma Viride Bio Fertilizer or Pseudomonas Fluorescens Bio Fertilizer. Soil should be well-drained–alternate crops.
Extreme cold and heat can affect pollination. Pollination is not effective when temperatures are higher than 90 degrees F or drop below 55degF. Lack of light, stress on the water and an excessive amount of nitrogen are all factors that can hinder the formation of pods. Plant in full sun in soil rich in compost and keep an even level of moisture throughout the plant.
Anthracnose is a fungal disease that thrives in environments of heavy humidity and rain. Leaves are susceptible to the elements and eventually fall. The plant could shrink. Plants with a contamination problem should be removed and removed. Avoid gardening during rain, since this could lead to the spreading of the spores. Soil must be well-drained. Every 7 to 10 days, spray Trichoderma Viride Bio Fertilizer or Pseudomonas Fluorescens Bio Fertilizer.
No. of Okra Seeds 13